Transportation by water is the most efficient way to travel or transport goods, economically and ecologically; and today around 90% of world trade is carried out by the international shipping industry. It is very important for us to reflect and highlight the importance of the maritime industry in Nigeria and the rest of the world. In this way, we allow the trade of essential goods and services for daily needs to continue boosting our industries and promoting employment. Maritime transport can be carried out at any distance by boat, ship, sailboat or berge, through seas and lakes, through canals or rivers. Barge Transportation plays a very important role in the maritime sector.
Barge Transportation, the subject of discussion, offers huge benefits to logistic, recreation, agricultural, oil and gas industries. Some of the major benefits are hereby discussed below.
Ecologically, barge transportation is environmentally friendly as it produces far lesser carbon emissions than trucking when transporting containers by roads. Carbon emissions have a significant impact on the planet since they are the greenhouse gas with the highest emissions into the atmosphere. This, of course, causes global warming and ultimately climate change. When fossil fuels (coal, natural gas, and oil) are burned, carbon dioxide is released into the atmosphere. Fortunately, the majority of barges are propelled by tugs or pulled by a speed boat or a ship which means that they emit zero carbon except for the self propelled barges.
Economically, barge transportation offers huge benefits when it comes to cutting costs for the supply chain. Typically, one of the main concerns of most procurement officials is the high price they pay to deliver merchandise, from delivery costs to prices paid for long delays in loading at ports but with the intervention of barge operation, the unnecessary expenses will be boycott, thereby leading to a fall in the prices of commodities in the country.
Also, the use of barges will help in no small measure in easing vehicular movements and port decongestion. The less we have delayed containers in the ports, the easier the traffic flows around the port areas. Barges are the best alternatives for moving cargoes after the rail in displacing the heavy trucks on the roads. With the effective use of the barge transportation, the road and bridges will last longer as a result of less loads inflicted on them by heavy-duty carriers.
In general, barges are also commonly used in transporting mineral resources like steel, coal, crude oil, industrial liquid chemicals, agricultural produce, fertilizers, and life stock, cars, machineries, sands, electronics, textiles and clothings, stationery e.t.c.